Question: If there is not a sidewalk, what side of the road does a pedestrian need to use?
Answer: The left side.
If there is neither a sidewalk, nor a shoulder available, a pedestrian walking along and upon a highway shall walk as near as practicable to an outside edge of the roadway. Indiana Code states that a pedestrian upon a roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway. The Indiana Code also states that a person who drives a vehicle shall: (1) exercise due care to avoid colliding with a pedestrian; (2) exercise proper caution upon observing a child or an obviously confused, incapacitated, or intoxicated person.
In addition, the Indiana court have stated that all drivers are under a common law duty to maintain a proper lookout while traveling on the roadways. Correspondingly, a pedestrian has no right to proceed heedlessly across a street without exercising ordinary care for his own safety. A pedestrian must at all times exercise ordinary care for his own safety and is required to avail himself of all his faculties to avoid any danger or injury. Thus, pedestrians have a statutory duty to yield to a vehicle in the roadway as well as a common law duty to exercise ordinary care and avail themself of all their faculties to avoid danger or injury. If there is evidence of intoxication by the pedestrian, such evidence would be pertinent to the issue of whether the pedestrian availed themself of all their faculties to avoid danger or injury.